Traditionally, the exercise to actualize XML abstracts by duke has been a pain. The specific, appropriate anatomy of an XML certificate agency creating one manually can advance to errors. Mistype a appearance or two, balloon to aing a bracket or don’t acknowledge the namespace accurately and the absolute certificate won’t verify. It’s consistently best to await on cipher to actualize an XML document. Cipher doesn’t accept clumsy fingers to accomplish typos and doesn’t balloon to add specifics tags.
In PowerShell, there are a few means to actualize XML documents. One of the best methods is to use the XMLTextWriter class. Other techniques abide to catechumen absolute argument files into XML documents, but that argument book has to abide first. Application the XMLTextWriter class, this isn’t necessary.
This tip will explain how to actualize a admirable XML document. At the end, the XML certificate should attending like this:
<Cars Owner=”Jay Leno”>
First, instantiate the XmlTextWriter article application the New-Object cmdlet. Since the XmlTextWriter article needs to apperceive area to actualize the XML file, we accept to canyon the XML book aisle to its constructor:
$xmlWriter = New-Object System.XMl.XmlTextWriter(‘C:Cars.xml’,$Null)
As apparent in Figure 1, the moment the article is created, it anon creates the XML file. At this point, it is a bare argument file.
For an XML book that is easier to read, we should administer formatting rules. After this formatting, all the nodes will be compacted and adamantine to read. While PowerShell can apprehend the nodes, it’s not accessible for us humans. Because of this, I like to bash all my nodes with tabs.
$xmlWriter.Formatting = ‘Indented’
$xmlWriter.Indentation = 1
$XmlWriter.IndentChar = “`t”
Next, actualize a well-structured XML book by autograph the acknowledgment with adaptation 1.0.
Next, accomplish a animadversion about the Cars tag.
Then actualize the basis aspect alleged Cars.
Next, set XML attributes application the WriteAttributeString() method. Again actualize an Owner aspect to announce who owns all of these cars.
$XmlWriter.WriteAttributeString(‘Owner’, ‘Jay Leno’)
When the basis aspect is created, add a brace elements (cars) central by application WriteStartElement(). This tells PowerShell that aggregate we now add will go into a new element.
Next, add the VIN aspect to the aboriginal Car aspect and again actualize a few nodes central of the Car aspect to represent assorted attributes.
After abacus advice about this accurate Car element, end this aspect by application the WriteEndElement() method.
Now, let’s aloof add addition Car element.
Next, aing the basis aspect Cars.
And finally, aing the document, even whatever is in the centralized absorber and aing the beck to the book absolution control.
You should now accept a admirable XML document. To verify, let’s apprehend the XML book and to see if aggregate looks OK.
As apparent in Figure 2, the version, comment, aspect Owner and two Car nodes accept been added. Success!
Using XmlTextWriter is the best way to actualize XML documents. It has the functionality to accomplish whatever you charge to do to the XML certificate after accepting to anguish about ensuring aggregate is altogether formatted with a plain-text editor.
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