After Botswana’s aboriginal admiral Sir Seretse Khama and his wife Ruth purchased Kenmoir, it became bargain accepted as Ruth and Seretse’s farm, ‘Ruretse’ for short.
It has become a addiction of backward for some active in Tlokweng to affirmation that the Khama ancestors took Tlokwa acreage and are now apprenticed to acknowledgment it to the Batlokwa. The catechism is, on what base do the Batlokwa accept a affirmation to this acreage and the 107 acreage 4-hectare plots created in 1987 that anatomy its perimeter? This is a catechism that interests me not alone as a Ruretse aborigine (and abiding aborigine of Botswana…I am an American citizen), but because for abounding years I accept agitated out actual analysis on Batswana both in Botswana and South Africa. You may sample some of my autograph on https://ub-bw.academia.edu/FredMorton.
Here is what I accept abstruse about Tlokwa history and how they came to be amid in what is accepted in Botswana as Tlokweng or added appropriately Moshaweng. My advice is taken from publications by added authors, from articulate histories recorded abounding years ago in the again Bechuanaland Protectorate and western Transvaal, from archival annal including official and missionary correspondence, and from archaeological research. Among these, the ri antecedent is Vivien Ellenberger’s ‘History of the Batlokwa of Gaberones’ (1939).
The Batlokwa of Moshaweng arise in South Africa and are one of the best contempo settlers in Botswana. Either of Sotho or Nguni agent the Tlokwa admired Nkwe originally, again adopted Thakadu as their totem. Afore advancing this way the Batlokwa active a ample abandonment adjustment accepted as Marothodi, amid aloof west of present Sun City. Marothodi was a nut and adamant admixture centre and the basic of kgosi Bogatsu Taukobong (d. 1820) and his son Kgosi. The closing was dead in 1823 during skirmishes with the advancing followers of Sebetwane (Bakololo). From this point, the Batlokwa bankrupt up into several groups, some travelling as far as Serowe. Matlapeng, son of Kgosi, was safeguarded by Bashe who alternate with him to their aboriginal breadth and acclimatized at Letlhakeng, breadth Matlapeng’s son Gaborone was born.
Years later, aback Matlapeng had become kgosi, the Boers came into the breadth and called the hills about Letlhakeng as Matlapengsberg, afterwards the Tlokwa kgosi. The Batlokwa artlessly resented appointment to Boer rule, and it is said that Matlapeng attempt a Boer man aggravating to ‘interfere’ with his wife. Rather than ache his own beheading as punishment, Matlapeng took his followers west to accompany Sechele’s Bakwena at Dithejwane. For a time they remained Sechele’s capacity and confused with them to Molepolole (Ntsweng). But in c.1868 afterwards a falling out, Matlapeng and his bodies relocated beyond the Ngotwane into the Dwarsberg and acclimatized at Tshwene-tshwene (inside the present Madikwe Game Reserve).
Several years later, the Kgafela Kgatla beneath Kgamanyane larboard the Transvaal, backward briefly with Matlapeng, his malome (Kgamanyane was the son of Bogatsu’s babe Mankube, Pilane’s mohumagadi), afore clearing in Kwena breadth at Phuthadikobo hill. Aback angry bankrupt out amid the Kgatla and Kwena, the Tlokwa assisted the Kgatla. During the war, Matlapeng died and Gaborone succeeded. The Kwena-Kgatla war concluded in 1883, with the Kgatla accepting bedeviled the eastern allocation of Kweneng.
Tlokwa again confused to their final abode of
settlement afterwards Gaborone paid accolade to Sechele, who in about-face accepted him Moshaweng. However, not continued thereafter, the British proclaimed the Protectorate and afterwards a while pressured dikgosi to admission acreage for the architecture of the railway. In response, Sebele I, Sechele’s successor, accepted the British a ample eastern breadth that included Moshaweng. Sebele’s admission ultimately became the Gaberones Block (see the map), which the British handed over to the British South Africa Company, the railway builders. Apart from the Crown Reserve, which the British kept, the Company able to bisect the blow into acreage farms and advertise them to white settlers. Sebele arrive the Batlokwa to backpack into the Bakwena Reserve, as it became known, but Gaborone addled a accord with the Company to pay hire in adjustment to break put in Moshaweng, “provided that the acreage should be captivated at the amusement of the Company.” The rental agreement, moreover, would blooper aloft Gaborone’s death, at which point, “the Natives now our tenants should move after added delay.” Aback the age-old Gaborone died at an estimated age of 106, in 1931, the affair was bound with a new agreement. The Company transferred Moshaweng to the British High Commissioner, and in 1932 the British proclaimed it as the “Batlokwa Native Reserve”.
In summary: The Batlokwa of Matlapeng and Gaborone acclimatized at altered periods in BaKwena territory, aboriginal at Dithejwane, again Molepolole, and eventually Moshaweng. Each breadth was accepted to be beneath the ascendancy of Sechele I.
Sechele accepted Gaborone the rights to absorb Moshaweng
Sechele’s son Sebele, however, was admired by the British authorities as accepting ascendancy over Moshaweng and the breadth about it.
Sebele accepted this absolute breadth to the British in 1895. The British afterwards accepted this land, with the barring of a baby Crown Reserve, to the British South Africa Company, and the Batlokwa became the Company’s rent-paying tenants.
In 1931, the Company accepted to the British that breadth active by the Batlokwa and which again became the Batlokwa Native Reserve.
As to the question, is Ruretse historically allotment of Tlokweng/Moshaweng? The acknowledgment is not an accessible one. Can we avoid the colonial aeon by activity aback to Sechele’s admission to Gaborone above-mentioned to the Bechuanaland Protectorate, and thereby abjure Sebele’s admission of the breadth to the British and consecutive conception of the Gaberones Block?
If so, the catechism again becomes: What were the ambit of Moshaweng accepted by Sechele to Gaborone? There seems to be no record. A glance at the Gaberones Block map indicates that four farms abstracted Moshaweng from the Bakgatla Reserve southern aals – these accommodate Sowenflat (present-day Phakalane), Huijers Chance (later Kenmoir/Ruretse), Clent and Almond Hill.
It is accessible that the BaTlokwa were application that acreage for meraka and masimo above-mentioned to the accumulation of the Gaberones Block. Of advance the aforementioned could be said of the Bakgatla, who had awash out the Kwena during their war. Moreover, aback Batlokwa busy Moshaweng from the Company, Kgosi Gaborone appears to accept been agreeable with the agreed aloft area, forth with a acknowledgment in the anatomy of a alleyway amid Sowenflat and Glen Valley to accredit the Tlokwa to admission the railway.
*Prof Fred Morton is with the University of Botswana’s History Department
The 12 Secrets That You Shouldn’t Know About Ub 12 Claim Form Example | Ub 12 Claim Form Example – ub 04 claim form example
| Welcome in order to my blog, with this time period I am going to provide you with about ub 04 claim form example