When the Rev. Dean Jurgen accomplish to the belvedere at Lititz Moravian Abbey Sunday, he will accept the appearance of Jan Hus, a Catholic priest whose about-face efforts and beheading ultimately led to the enactment of the Moravian Church.
Hus Sunday is apparent annually in Moravian churches, but this year’s celebration is special. It was on July 6, 1415 — absolutely 600 years ago — that Hus was austere at the pale as a advocate for abnegation to abjure what he saw as abuses in the Catholic Church.
The Lancaster and Lititz Moravian churches will accompany in a appropriate Monday account at 7 p.m. at the pavilion abaft Lititz Moravian. The trombone choir will advance a advance to the cemetery. area prayers will be offered and hymns will be articulate including “Lord Christ Jesus Our Salvation,” a aria accounting by Hus in 1410.
“It’s activity to be a time to boost Jan Hus,” Jurgen said.
Other early abbey leaders, including Bishop John Amos Comenius, an aboriginal adherent of accepted education; Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf, whose allegiance helped anatomy the foundation of the Moravian Church, and George Klein, who donated the acreage for the abbey in Lititz in 1749, additionally will be recognized.
Hus’ afterlife had connected been an affair in the church. In 1999, Pope John Paul II apologized for the Catholic Church’s role in what he termed “the atrocious afterlife inflicted on Jan Hus.”
The church’s roots
Hus’ admiral and his alarming death were captivated in the backroom of the abbey at the time.
Hus became a priest in 1400 in the bosom of the Western or Papal Schism — the breach aural the Roman Catholic Abbey in which several men claimed to be the accurate pope.
As one of a cardinal of pre-Reformation reformers in the 14th and 15th centuries, Hus’ beliefs, which abundantly came from his claimed estimation of the scriptures, mirrored those of John Wycliffe, the English theologian and Catholic dissident.
Both against the auction of indulgences, accused priests of active abundantly and believed the scriptures should be apprehend in the accent of the bodies rather than in Latin, which alone priests knew.
Hus additionally argued that commoners should be accustomed to allotment in the abounding Eucharist. At that time, commoners could alone partake of the bread, not of the wine.
“We booty all of these things for granted,” Jurgen said. “What Hus was adage was accepted sense, but it was a advocate idea.”
When Hus was appointed pastor of the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague, in what is now the Czech Republic, he aloft those actual issues from the pulpit. His bulletin resonated with the people.
That agitated the Catholic hierarchy. In 1414, he was summoned afore the Council of Constance — the anatomy that ultimately would achieve the affair of the papacy with the alternative of Pope Martin V in 1417. Hus was put on trial, begin accusable and accustomed the befalling to recant. He refused.
His death, however, bootless to arrest the movement. The Unitas Fratrum (Unity of Brethren) as they were known, connected to meet. They organized as a abbey in 1457 in Bohemia.
By 1517 — the year Martin Luther acquaint his 95 theses, there were an estimated 200,000 Unitas Fratrum adherents in 400 parishes. But they went into abatement in the 1600s. By 1722, the actual refugees accustomed at a safe anchorage on acreage endemic by Zinzendorf in Moravia.
Zinzendorf accepted to be active in allowance authorize the Unitas Fratrum’s traditions. He believed in the convenance of piety, which emphasized adoration and scripture over dogma. Zinzendorf additionally claimed “There can be no Christianity after community.”
That accepted to be a basic allotment of the Moravian tradition. As they advance beyond the world, they created communities, including Lititz. As they acclimatized in new lands, they told bodies they hailed from Moravia — hence, the name of the denomination.
Although he remained a Lutheran, Zinzendorf is admired in the Moravian Church.
“In my opinion,” Jurgen said, “we as a Moravian Abbey were accustomed by Hus but were added afflicted by the allegiance and administration of Zinzendorf.”
“After Jesus, we trace our roots through Jan Hus, alike admitting he, as a Catholic priest, never advised to authorize addition denomination,” Jurgen said.
“I don’t see him as absent to alpha a new movement as abundant as abundant as absent to ameliorate an ill church.”
His afterlife 600 years ago, however, did aloof that.
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