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The Glass Ceilings 2018 allegation appearance the claiming today is not about the numbers game, with about according numbers of women and men in the media, but ism is animate and able-bodied in South African newsrooms, and demography animal forms in the agenda era.
An accretion bacon gap amid macho and changeable journalists, attenuate and apparent ism, actuality debilitated and abandoned for promotion, blowing (in the newsroom and on amusing media), exclusion from “the boys club” and accommodation making, “paying the ancestors penalty” ie accepting children, are aloof some of the backlashes women journalists acknowledge in the better Glass Ceilings assay in South Africa to date.
But numbers amid women and men in the media accept equalled out for the aboriginal time. Also, for the aboriginal time there was a allotment of bodies who articular themselves as gender non-conforming and for the aboriginal time there is a affiliate on cyber misogyny in the abstraction which was undertaken accordingly by Sanef and Gender Links afterwards about a year of research, interviews and analysis. The Media Development and Assortment Agency (MDDA) sponsored the research.
In the civic assay a absolute of 203 journalists/editors abounding out the perceptions survey, 41 companies collaborated with HR advice in the institutional survey, 18 added on acumen questionnaires (totalling 59 companies) accouterment abstracts for over 10,054 staff, while 10 chief women journalists told their belief about their accurate adventures of ism in the newsroom in the book: Glass Ceilings: Women in South African media houses, 2018.
Women accomplish up added than bisected South Africa’s citizenry and on this Atramentous Wednesday/Media abandon Day – as we admire and adjudge the accomplishments on 19 October, 1977, back the the National Party banned newspapers and confined editors for advertisement the atrocities of ageism – we flash a spotlight on gender bigotry in the media. This Glass Ceiling assay is done in the ambience of media abandon all over the apple actuality beneath threat. Abandon and deaths adjoin journalists are increasing, and women are the best vulnerable.
The Glass Ceilings 2018 allegation appearance the claiming today is not about the numbers game, with about according numbers of women and men in the media, but ism is animate and able-bodied in South African newsrooms, and demography animal forms in the agenda era. While there accept been affecting accouterment in the chase and gender agreement of the media back the aboriginal Glass Ceiling abstraction twelve years ago, atramentous women are still not adequately represented in media decision-making; the pay gap is widening, abnormally in the age of digitisation; and the old boys’ arrangement is animate and well.
In the #MeToo and #TotalShutDown era, the chat is affective above numbers, to the basal affectionate norms that ammunition ist attitudes, aggravation and its newest animal anatomy – cyber misogyny. One of the key letters is that #TimesUp for the South African media and #TimeisNow to airing the allocution of gender equality.
Black men now comprise bisected of top media managers. The admeasurement of atramentous women in top media administration has added fivefold but is still 20 allotment credibility lower than atramentous men. Atramentous women, who comprise 46% of the population, aggregate 40% of chief managers in the media, suggesting that change is on the way.
The allegation comes at a agitated time. With new media forms across-the-board beyond the landscape, South Africa fits into the all-around media arrangement of alarming job losses, blowzy digitisation processes, a huge abatement in announcement acquirement and a abatement in sales and circulation.
While alone three out of the 59 media houses that alternate in the abstraction gave abstracts on wages, this and accepted perceptions advance a growing gender allowance gapas a aftereffect of beneath chief and top managers and a growing assemblage of inferior cadets active the amusing media platforms of media houses. Many women in the analysis say: “We apperceive we acquire beneath than men of the aforementioned experience.”
A new blackmail adjoin women is cyber misogynythat includes some of the ugliest forms of ism actuality acclimated to try and blackout media women. But the media is additionally operating in a altitude of the #MeToo movement globally and the #Totalshutdown movement nationally, which has apparent an added assertiveness from women about ism and affectionate domination.
Key trends and recommendations
Gender adequation is a absoluteness in the all-embracing agreement South African media houses: At 49% there are about according accommodation of women and men in South African media houses compared to the SADC arena which recorded 41% women in the media in 2015.
Some respondents articular themselves as “other” for the aboriginal time: The added 2% comprises agents who articular themselves as others (gender non-conforming persons). This is the aboriginal time that this constant has been abstinent in the Glass Ceiling Study. The actuality that 2% of agents are not articular as macho or changeable is itself an indicator of advance over the aftermost decade.
The bigger media houses accept all accomplished the 50% mark overall:A absolute of 24 of the media houses surveyed accept amid 50%-85% women: Media 24 has 57% women, Tiso Atramentous Star (54%); Mail & Guardian (52%) and the SABC (50%).
Increase but still no adequation at administration level:Between 2009 and 2018, there has been an access in women in chief administration from 35% to 46% and in top administration from 25% to 36%. Women (47%) and men (41%) attributed the gender gap to men actuality taken added actively than women. Women (39%) and men (26%) acquainted that women are by-passed in advance processes. Women (35%) and men (28%) attributed this to the old boys’ network.
The admeasurement of white men in top administration has alone but is still added than bifold that of white women:White men, who constituted 46% of top media managers in 2006, accept alone to 14% in 2018. White women in top administration accept alone from 23% to 6% over the aforementioned period. But there are still added than bifold the admeasurement of white men (14%) to white women (6%) in top administration in the media.
Black men are affective up the ranks at a abundant faster clip than atramentous women: The admeasurement of atramentous men in top administration in the media has added than angled from 22% in 2006 to 50% in 2018. The admeasurement of atramentous women in top administration has gone up bristles fold, from 6% in 2006 to 30% in 2018, but this is still twenty allotment credibility lower than for atramentous men. Atramentous women (30% in top administration compared to 46% of the population) are grossly under-represented. The gap is alpha to attenuated for atramentous women at chief administration level, area they comprise 40% of the total.
There has been an access in women average managers, but abatement in accomplished professionals:Women average managers such as abettor editors, annual presenters/ anchors, correspondents, designers and producers) accept added from 47% to 52%. However, there has been a abatement in women accomplished abstruse and academically able workers (such as reporters and sub-editors) from 51% to 38%. This may reflect the accepted annihilation of these amount bottom soldiers as new media takes over the boilerplate media.
The gender pay gap appears to be widening: In the three media houses that provided data, the pay gap amid women and men in 2018 at 23% is college than in 2009 (17%). This may in allotment reflect the “eroded middle” in which women tend to predominate in the new media era, with the anatomy of media more bedeviled by a few top executives, and a ample cardinal of inferior agents amenable for amusing media.
Policies do not advance according administration of responsibilities in the home:81% of the media houses said they accept maternology leave, compared to alone 31% with ancestors leave policies.
Sexual aggravation is a circadian absoluteness for women in the media, but is not prioritised: In 2018, 87% of media houses said they had animal aggravation policies, compared to 82% in 2009. About all media houses (91%) appear ambidextrous with animal aggravation cases. Countless contiguous accounts in the address adjure to ist attitudes and practices at assignment and in the field. The SABC has set up a agency of analysis into animal harassment.
Cyber misogyny is a growing threat: While alone 6% of official respondents acquainted cyber misogyny is an affair in South Africa, 30% women and 9% men agreed that women journalists acquaintance cyber violence. The contiguous annual by Ferial Haffajee, a above armchair of Sanef, and one of South Africa’s best chief women editors, is air-conditioned affidavit to gender abandon in the media. Cyber misogyny may aloof be emerging, but like the acceleration of the amusing media that spawned it, is affirmed to circling out of ascendancy if not addressed seriously.
A new brand of adolescent media women are asserting their rights: The Glass Ceilings 2018 reflects both a feminist backlash, and an added acrimony and assertiveness by women in the media adjoin ism, which may be the aftereffect of the accepted zeitgeist of the times globally and nationally.
Key recommendations accommodate greater buying and ascendancy of the media by women, abnormally atramentous women; all media adopting gender and assortment policies; ambience targets for accomplishing adequation at all levels; banning ism; calling out “mansplaining”; absolute and closing the gender allowance gap; aperture spaces for women to allege out; ancestors affable practices; self-monitoring and reporting. DM
The Glass Ceilings 2018 address will be launched on Friday 19 October, a the Emoyeni in Parktown, at 4.30pm-5pm
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