Date Issued: 10/17/95Date Revised: 1/19/17
Purpose and Background
Employees are the best admired ability of the University. The assignment ambiance is safer and added able afterwards the attendance or aftereffect of actionable drugs, controlled substances abuse, or alcohol. Advisers who corruption booze or drugs are a crisis to themselves, coworkers, patients, and students. The adverse appulse of actionable drugs, controlled actuality abuse, and booze in the abode has been accustomed by the federal government. All of UAB is adapted by federal law to advance a drug-free workplace. It is a activity of application at UAB that advisers be, and remain, chargeless of actionable drugs, controlled actuality abuse, and booze while at assignment or while assuming job functions accompanying to application at UAB.
This activity establishes rules and procedures for biologic and booze testing based on reasonable account to accept that an agent is application booze or actionable drugs in the workplace, is abusing controlled substances in the workplace, or is assuming official duties while beneath the access of alcohol, actionable drugs, or controlled actuality abuse.
For purposes of this policy, the afterward definitions shall apply:
“Employee” is authentic as any individual in application categories 01, 03, 12, and 17 who receives a paycheck from UAB.
“Supervisor” is authentic as any employee who has authoritative or authoritative ascendancy over accession agent or over a student. In the case of the Medical and Dental Staff, the “supervisor” is advised to be the Division Administrator or the Administering Chair. In the case of House Staff, the “supervisor” is advised to be the Affairs Director.
“Illegal drugs” are authentic as (1) drugs and controlled substances the control or use of which are actionable pursuant to any federal, state, county, or bounded laws and regulations administering drugs and controlled substances that are not accurately obtainable, (2) drugs and controlled substances which are accurately achievable but which accept not been accurately obtained, and (3) controlled substances that were accurately acquired but which are actuality abused. Examples include, but are not bound to, artery drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, and controlled substances such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, and barbiturates. (See the UAB Drug-free Abode Activity for a added complete analogue and lists of drugs.)
“Controlled substances” are those listed as such by the federal government but which are not actuality acclimated for assigned purposes or in a assigned manner. This includes, but is not bound to, assigned drugs actuality acclimated by, or in the control of, accession added than the actuality to whom they were accurately prescribed. (See the UAB Drug-free Abode Activity for a added complete analogue and lists of drugs.)
“Alcohol” (or “alcoholic beverages”) is authentic as beer and added brewed malt beverages, wine, and distilled spirits.
“Reasonable Cause” Biologic and Booze Testing
Any agent who is analytic doubtable of application booze or actionable drugs or of abusing controlled substances in the abode or of assuming official duties while beneath the access of alcohol, actionable drugs, or abused controlled substances will be adapted to accept an booze and/or biologic test. “Reasonable cause” exists back an agent exhibits patterns of behavior that advance crime from biologic or booze use or back job achievement or assurance is affected. An agent may be requested to booty a biologic and/or booze analysis if administering admiral or admiral accept reasonable account to accept that the employee’s commonsense are broken while at assignment due to biologic or booze use. An agent who refuses to accord to an booze and/or biologic analysis will be absolved from employment.
“Reasonable Cause” Authoritative Standards
Assessment of Agent Behavior
Any empiric behavior which analytic suggests that the agent is application drugs or is beneath the access of booze may aftereffect in actual activity as categorical abroad in this policy. The afterward behaviors may announce corruption of alcohol, controlled substances, or actionable drugs:
Other accomplishments or behavior not abundant aloft as indicators of booze or actionable biologic use or controlled substances corruption additionally may aggregate reasonable account for booze and/or biologic testing.
If there is suspicion that an agent is impaired, it should be anon appear to a supervisor.
Actions to be Taken by Administrator
Upon reasonable account to accept that an agent is application booze or actionable drugs in the workplace, is abusing controlled substances in the workplace, or is assuming official duties while beneath the access of alcohol, actionable drugs, or controlled actuality corruption the administrator is to booty the afterward action:
Immediately acquaint the supervisor’s superior, and, as anon as practicable, acquaint the adapted administering arch and the Office of HR Agent Relations. If possible, the administrator should accept accession administrator additionally beam and appraise the employee’s behavior.
Escort the agent in catechism to a area abroad from added employees, patients, or the accessible so that the agent in catechism can be interviewed a and confidentially.
In the attendance of the supervisor’s aloft or accession supervisor, if possible, ask the agent to explain the bearings and activity surrounding the adventure and/or behavior. Certificate the explanation. If the account is not advised by the supervisor(s) to be a reasonable one, the administrator may crave the agent to booty a biologic analysis as assured by this policy.
Explain to the agent the implications of the testing, the accessible aftereffect for the person’s employment, and the after-effects if the agent refuses to accept to the testing.
The administrator again is to chase as carefully as analytic accessible the accomplish set alternating in the afterward sections advantaged “Procedures for Agent Biologic and Booze Testing,” “Reporting and Reviewing of Biologic Analysis Results,” “Appeal and Retesting,” and “Chain of Custody.” Failure to carefully accede with accoutrement of such sections shall not invalidate analysis after-effects nor affect administering of this policy.
Procedures for Agent Biologic and Booze Testing
The employee’s administrator (or the UAB Police if the bearings warrants it) shall acquaintance the Nursing Ability Coordinator (NRC) apropos reasonable account testing. For Hospital advisers and Campus advisers alive aural the capital Hospital, the NRC acquaintance admonition is pager cardinal 8149, buzz cardinal 934-9884. The NRC will again acquaint the on-call Biologic Awning Agents and HR Agent Relations. The NRC will escort the agent to the biologic awning accumulating site. For UAB Highland advisers and all added Campus advisers who assignment alfresco of the capital Hospital, the screens will be calm at UAB Highlands. The acquaintance admonition for UAB Highlands is the aforementioned as above.
Prior to testing, the agent charge assurance a accord anatomy accordant to the testing and acceding the absolution of analysis after-effects based on the charge to know, but accurately to the Medical Analysis Officer, the employee’s supervisor, the employee’s administering arch (or division/program director, if applicable), HR Agent Relations, Agent Abetment and Counseling Center, Risk Administering and Insurance, an accustomed analysis affairs (if applicable), the Office of Counsel, and others on a need-to-know basis. Advisers who debris to assurance the accord anatomy or debris testing will not be activated and will be absolved from employment.
A case will be calm by the on-call Biologic Awning Technician.
No case may be taken unless the agent is acquainted and has accustomed exact and accounting permission.
Depending on the employee’s condition, the administrator may activity abetment with authoritative busline arrange for the agent to get home. If the agent leaves the assignment bounds above-mentioned to accession of the abiding transportation, the administrator shall certificate that fact.
Reporting and Reviewing of Biologic Analysis Results
The employee’s case will be beatific to a certified National Institute on Biologic Corruption (NIDA) laboratory.
The certified NIDA class will address all analysis after-effects as adapted aural an boilerplate of bristles canicule afterwards cancellation of a case by the laboratory. Analysis after-effects will be appear to the Medical Analysis Officer.
The Medical Analysis Officer will acquaint the agent and HR Agent Relations of the analysis results.
HR Agent Relations will acquaint the employee’s administrator and the Office of Risk Administering and Insurance. HR Agent Relations will acquaint an accustomed analysis affairs if applicative for aboriginal adventure (see “Positive Tests” area below).
Appeal and Retesting
An agent may address a absolute analysis aftereffect by appointment a accounting appeal to the Medical Analysis Officer aural three canicule afterwards actuality a of the absolute analysis result.
The Medical Analysis Officer or designee will acquaintance the class captivation the case and will accommodate apprenticeship and admonition to the agent as to how to advance to accept a additional acknowledging analysis conducted on the aforementioned specimen. All costs for retests will be the albatross of the employee. In the accident that the retest is abrogating thereby advertence that the absolute aftereffect from the aboriginal analysis was erroneous, the administering will balance the agent for the amount of the retest.
Chain of Custody
To bottle the candor of all specimens calm for reasonable account testing for booze or actionable biologic use or controlled actuality abuse, a alternation of aegis will be maintained as accurate in abstracted procedures accustomed for the purpose of authoritative aegis of the specimens.
Policies and Procedures Afterward Testing
The Medical Analysis Officer will analysis all absolute analysis after-effects with the employee.
Employees who are activated due to reasonable account to doubtable booze or biologic use/abuse will be placed on authoritative leave afterwards pay until the employee’s administering receives the analysis results. If the analysis after-effects are negative, the agent on leave afterwards pay will be compensated for the time off on leave.
If the analysis after-effects are positive, the agent will be absolved afterwards apprehension and/or afterwards pay in lieu of apprehension (except as declared beneath accompanying to aboriginal incident). The agent will not accept advantage for the aeon of the contributed authoritative leave above-mentioned to discharge.
If the analysis after-effects are absolute and the agent is in the aboriginal six months of application as a full-time accustomed or part-time accustomed employee, the agent will be absolved afterwards apprehension and/or afterwards pay in lieu of notice.
In cases of the aboriginal adventure of an employee’s testing absolute for booze or actionable biologic use or controlled actuality abuse, in lieu of acquittal the agent may accept to access a analysis affairs accustomed by UAB. In the accident that an agent is referred to an accustomed analysis program, as a activity of application for continuing application the agent charge accept by the admonition and recommendations of the able agents and/or clinicians of that affairs and charge attach to procedures and/or guidelines accustomed by the University administration. Participation in accustomed analysis programs shall be at the amount of the employee. The University shall not accredit advisers to an accustomed analysis affairs in lieu of acquittal afterward any absolute tests for booze or actionable biologic use or controlled actuality corruption above the aboriginal incident. While accommodating in an accustomed analysis affairs for aboriginal incident, the agent will be placed on an adapted leave of absence with or afterwards pay depending on the cachet of accrued account time in accordance with the UAB leave of absence policy. Before the agent may acknowledgment to work, the agent charge present to his or her administering arch (or division/program director, if applicable) and to HR Agent Relations a physician’s acceptance advertence that the agent has complied with an booze or actionable biologic use or controlled substances corruption accustomed analysis affairs and is able to acknowledgment to work. Such an agent charge accede to alternate accidental tests for booze or actionable biologic use or controlled actuality corruption for a aeon of two years at the employee’s amount at a UAB-designated facility. Accountant professionals charge accept by the requirements of their corresponding licensing boards. Certain accountant professionals may be adapted to accept to alternate screens in accession to two years, as accounted by their licensing board.
All admonition apropos testing for booze or actionable biologic use or controlled substances corruption and the after-effects of such testing is to be captivated in austere aplomb by all parties involved. Failure by any agent to advance acquaintance will aftereffect in antidotal action, which may accommodate acquittal from employment.
This activity has been accustomed by the President and is able immediately. The activity will be included as an amend to the Human Resources Personnel Policies and Procedures Manual and the Hospital manuals and handbooks, as appropriate.
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