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© constantinopris / Getty Images What is a bi-weekly — added than an endangered breed in this agenda age? Merriam-Webster defines it as “a cardboard that is printed and advertisement usually circadian or account and that contains news, accessories of opinions, features, and advertising.”

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According to the World Association of Newspapers and Account Publishers, the aboriginal bi-weekly in actuality was the German-language Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien (Account of All Acclaimed and Commemorable News), arise in a book-like architecture in 1605 in Strasbourg — now in France, but afresh allotment of the Holy Roman Empire. The aboriginal advertisement in broadsheet format, added or beneath like a avant-garde paper, was Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. (Current Contest from Italy, Germany, etc.), arise in Amsterdam in 1618.

The aboriginal American newspaper, Publick Occurrences, Both Foreign and Domestick, was arise in Boston in 1690, but it didn’t aftermost long: Afterwards alone one issue, it was suppressed by the colonial authorities because it contained, as the governor of Massachusetts put it, “sundry ambiguous and ambiguous Reports” (fake news?) — and because it had been arise afterwards the appropriate license.

Click actuality for the belief abaft America’s oldest newspapers.Click actuality to apprehend our abundant allegation and methodology.

30. The Accompaniment Journal-Register > Year founded: 1831> Abode founded: Springfield, IL> Aboriginal name: Sangamo Journal

Like all the newspapers on this list, the Accompaniment Journal-Register has a complicated parentage. It began with Springfield editor Simeon Francis, a abundant acquaintance and longtime adherent of Abraham Lincoln, who founded the pro-Whig Sangamo Account in 1831 (the canton is Sangamon, but the cardboard spelled it afterwards the “n”). Admitting Lincoln was to become the aboriginal Republican president, he served four agreement as an Illinois administrator and one as a U.S. agent as a affiliate of the Whig Party, and he wrote frequently for the Account — usually beneath a pseudonym — and accurate it in the community. In 1855, however, aback Lincoln, already an affecting politician, beneath to advice Francis avoid off a new competitor, Francis awash the Account and larboard town.

In 1836, a Delaware-born printer and announcer alleged William Walters had started a Democratic-leaning newspaper, the Illinois Accompaniment Register and Vandalia Republican, in Vandalia (then the accompaniment capital), about 60 afar southeast of Springfield. Aback the basic was confused to Springfield in 1839, the Register followed. Walters ran the cardboard until 1846, aback he was enlisted to action in the Mexican-American War but died en avenue to the hostilities.

The Account and the Register both afflicted easily several times in the afterwards decades, and in 1928, the Account was bought by Illinois built-in Ira Clifton Copley as allotment of his growing alternation of alone newspapers. In 1942, the Register was added to Copley’s portfolio. The affidavit alloyed into the Accompaniment Journal-Register in 1974, and aback 2007, the advertisement has been endemic by GateHouse Media, which publishes 145 circadian newspapers and 340 association publications in 37 states.

29. Detroit Chargeless Press> Year founded: 1831> Abode founded: Detroit, MI> Aboriginal name: The Democratic Chargeless Columnist and Michigan Intelligencer

In 1831, a 21-year-old amateur administrator alleged Sheldon McKnight, with abetment from his ancestors and from Detroit’s aboriginal mayor, John R. Williams, arise the aboriginal affair of a four-page account he dubbed the Democratic Chargeless Columnist and Michigan Intelligencer. Four years later, the cardboard became a daily, and the name was afflicted to the Detroit Circadian Chargeless Press. The “Daily” was afterwards dropped.

An anti-Civil War Vermonter, Wilbur F. Storey, confused to Detroit in 1853 and bought an absorption in the paper, eventually acceptable its editor and sole proprietor. He was an avant-garde publisher, introducing the aboriginal approved Sunday copy in the country, sending correspondents to awning the Civil War by telegraph, and publishing a London copy — the aboriginal American bi-weekly to arise in Europe.

The cardboard was bought by John Knight, architect of Knight Newspapers, in 1940. Aback Knight alloyed with accession media company, Ridder Publications, to anatomy Knight Ridder in 1974, the Chargeless Columnist remained beneath the company’s ownership. The McClatchy Company, which in 2006 purchased Knight Ridder, is now the Chargeless Press’s accumulated parent.

28. The Barnstable Patriot> Year founded: 1830> Abode founded: Barnstable, MA> Aboriginal name: The Barnstable Patriot

The Patriot was founded in the Cape Cod boondocks of Barnstable by 22-year-old Sylvanus Bourne Phinney. Phiney was the begat of a acclaimed bounded ancestors (his antecedent descended from a Mayflower Pilgrim; his mother from the aftermost governor of the Plymouth Colony) who himself went on to serve as Collector of the Barnstable Customs Abode beneath four presidents. Phinney arise his aboriginal affair on June 26, 1830, with the agenda to the readers that “Should acceptable advance be offered, the additional cardinal will be issued about the 10th of July.” It allegation accept been, because the cardboard survives to this day.

When Phinney was accessible to retire, he gave editorship of the cardboard over to his acquaintance George Sewall Boutwell, who had been a governor of Massachusetts, a senator, a affiliate of the Abode of Representatives, and the aboriginal Commissioner of Internal Revenue (the antecedent of the Internal Revenue Service). The Patriot was awash afresh in 1869 and alert added in the aboriginal 20th century. Aback it acclaimed its bazaar in 1930, Admiral Herbert Hoover beatific a letter of congratulations. Today, afterwards two added buying changes, the account Patriot belongs to massive GateHouse Media, which publishes 145 circadian newspapers and 340 association publications in 37 states.

27. The Philadelphia Inquirer> Year founded: 1829> Abode founded: Philadelphia, PA> Aboriginal name: The Pennsylvania Inquirer

In 1829, Philadelphian John Norvell, who had edited the city’s Circadian Aurora & Franklin gazette, launched a bi-weekly in the burghal alleged the Pennsylvania Inquirer, in affiliation with a adolescent printer alleged John R. Walker. A agenda in the aboriginal affair proclaimed that the Inquirer would be committed to the “maintenance of rights and liberties of the people, appropriately adjoin the abuses as the confiscation of power.”

Unfortunately, the cardboard was not a success, and the founders awash it afterwards alone a few months to Jesper Harding. Harding, who afterwards became the better administrator of Bibles in America, gave the cardboard over to his son, William, in 1859, and the afterward year William afflicted its name to the Philadelphia Inquirer.

The Inquirer came to civic absorption for its advantage of the Civil War, but afterward the end of that conflict, Harding awash it to English-born James Elverson, Sr., administrator of a annual alleged Philadelphia Saturday Night. In 1936, it concluded up in the easily of Moses Annenberg, who already endemic the Miami Tribune and the Circadian Racing Form. His son, Walter, took over in 1942, acceptable a acclaimed Philadelphia philanthropist and cultural leader. (Today there are journalism and advice schools alleged for Annenberg at USC and the University of Pennsylvania.)

Knight Newspapers, Inc. (later Knight Ridder Inc.) bought the Inquirer in 1969. Today, afterwards several added owners, the cardboard has the altered acumen of actuality run by a accessible account association acceptance to a nonprofit journalism assemblage that is in about-face controlled by the Philadelphia Foundation, whose declared mission is “to advance the affection of activity in the greater Philadelphia region.”

26. The Post-Standard> Year founded: 1829> Abode founded: Syracuse, NY> Aboriginal name: The Onondaga Standard

The aboriginal affair of the account Onondaga Standard was arise in Syracuse — the canton bench of New York’s Onondaga Canton — in 1829. Out of this cardboard grew the circadian Syracuse Standard, aboriginal arise in 1883. In 1894, Frank W. Palmer, a Chicago bi-weekly editor who had additionally served as that city’s postmaster, as the Accessible Printer of the Affiliated States, and as a agent from Iowa, launched a battling bi-weekly alleged the Syracuse Post. The Column and the Standard competed for readership — both were morning affidavit — and in 1899, the two agreed to merge.

In 1906, the Post-Standard assassin a Syracuse aerial academy amateur alleged Jerome D. Barnum to awning academy news. He larboard to go to academy for a year, afresh alternate and took a job in the paper’s business department, animate his way up until he was alleged administrator of the Post-Standard and broker of the association that endemic it in 1916. He captivated the posts until 1942, aback the cardboard was awash to S.I. Newhouse, afterwards acclaimed as the arch of the Condé Nast annual empire.

In 2012, the Newhouse family’s Advance Publications Inc. accumulated the Post-Standard with the website to anatomy the Syracuse Media Group. The accumulation arise that the concrete bi-weekly would now be arise for home commitment alone three canicule a week, with abate editions accessible for single-copy sales the added four.

25. Ledger-Enquirer> Year founded: 1828> Abode founded: Columbus, GA> Aboriginal name: Columbus Enquirer

In 1838, Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar was adopted as the additional admiral of the Republic of Texas. Ten years earlier, however, the Georgia-born Lamar had accustomed a account bi-weekly (later a daily) alleged the Columbus Enquirer, in the boondocks of Columbus, southwest of Atlanta.

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The Enquirer’s approaching partner, the Columbus Ledger, was founded in 1886 by Georgia editor and administrator Edward T. Byington. An Alabama native, Rinaldo William Page, went to assignment at the Ledger the year it was launched as an announcement salesman, and in 1892, he and his brother-in-law, Larkin T. Jones, purchased the paper.

The Enquirer went on to win a Pulitzer Prize for Accessible Account in 1926 for its advantage of the alleged Scopes Monkey Trial (in which science abecedary John Scopes was prosecuted for teaching change in a Tennessee school), its action to the Ku Klux Klan, and its angle adjoin lynching. (It won a additional time in 1955 for its analysis into bribery in Phenix City, Alabama.)

The Page ancestors bought the Enquirer in 1930 and connected to run both publications until 1973, aback they were awash to Knight Newspapers, Inc., afterwards Knight Ridder. The affidavit merged, acceptable the Ledger-Enquirer, in 1988. The McClatchy Aggregation — publishers of added than 30 newspapers nationwide, including the Miami Herald, the Kansas Burghal Star, and the Sacramento Bee — bought Knight Ridder in 2006 and now runs the Ledger-Enquirer.

24. The Louisville Courier-Journal > Year founded: 1826> Abode founded: Louisville, KY> Aboriginal name: The Focus of Politics, Business and Literature

n 1826, a adept administrator alleged William Worsley and a accomplice started the ambitiously blue-blooded Focus of Politics, Commerce, and Literature — afterwards accepted artlessly as the Louisville Circadian Focus — to attempt with what was afresh the state’s best affecting paper, the Louisville Accessible Advertiser.

A Connecticut journalist, George D. Prentice, came to Louisville to address a adventures of his acquaintance Henry Clay, who planned to run for admiral in 1832, but was apprenticed into account as editor of a new advertisement alleged the Louisville Journal, which aboriginal appeared in 1830. The Account and the Focus alloyed briefly. Kentuckian Walter Newman Haldeman, who abstruse the bi-weekly business beneath Prentice at the Journal, bought a declining four-page cardboard alleged the Circadian Dime in 1844, and aback it was beneath than successful, adapted it into the Louisville Morning Courier.

The Account and the Courier were absinthian rivals until Prentice’s successor, Henry Watterson, approached Haldeman, suggesting a affiliation amid the two papers, adage “You allegation an editor, I allegation a publisher.” In 1868, they merged. Admitting Watterson was a Confederate veteran, he was an adherent of Abraham Lincoln and a backer of African-American suffrage, and over his half-century career as Courier-Journal editor, he brought it civic renown.

Haldeman launched the Louisville Times as an afternoon analogue to the morning Courier-Journal in 1884. Afterwards his afterlife in 1902, a aloft ambassador of Louisville, Robert Account Bingham, bought a authoritative absorption in both papers, and the Bingham ancestors ran them until the aggregation was awash to Gannett Co., freeholder of USA Today amid abounding added publications and advertisement entities, in 1986. Gannett bankrupt the Times bankrupt the afterward year.

23. The Woodville Republican > Year founded: 1823/1824> Abode founded: Woodville, MS> Aboriginal name: The Woodville Republican

According to the actual brand in advanced of its old address in Woodville, in the southwestern bend of Mississippi, the Republican is not alone the oldest bi-weekly but additionally the oldest “business academy in connected operation” in the state.

According to Mississippi actual resources, the cardboard was founded as a four-page account by William A. A. Chisholm, a crude Missourian, in 1823. On the base of aggregate numbers, the cardboard itself claims 1824 as its bearing year on its masthead. In any case, Chisholm ran it until 1842, and then, for the aing 35 years or so, it had several owners and abundant editors.

Under both Chisholm and his successors, the cardboard afflicted names nine or ten times, reverting, about 1858, aback to the Woodville Republican, breadth it has remained. In 1879, a Confederate veteran, Captain John South Lewis, purchased the Republican, and his descendents own it to this day.

22. Providence Account > Year founded: 1820> Abode founded: Providence, RI> Aboriginal name: The Manufacturers’ and Farmers’ Account and Providence and Pawtucket Advertiser

A bi-weekly alleged the Providence Account aboriginal appeared in 1799, but it died a few years later. Today’s Account dates its bearing to 1820, aback a accumulation of Providence industrialists and added arresting citizens invested in and/or brash on the conception of the twice-weekly Manufacturers’ & Farmers’ Journal.

The name was significant: Rhode Island had thrived on agronomics and commerce, but new automated interests were acceptable added prominent, and added bounded publications theorized that the acceleration of accomplishment would beggarly the annihilation of the state’s beforehand sources of prosperity. The new cardboard was committed to the hypothesis that accomplishment and agriculture could abide ancillary by side.

The Account was initially arise by out of a bounded academy alleged the Old Coffee Abode by an accomplished printer, “Honest John” Miller, and his business partner, a bookbinder alleged John Hutchens. Miller bought out his accomplice in 1823, and in 1829 angry the advertisement into Rhode Island’s aboriginal circadian newspaper, renaming it the Providence Circadian Account and General Advertiser. Miller awash the cardboard seven years later, and it had several changes of buying over the aing three decades, catastrophe up in the easily of announcer George W. Danielson and the son of a t comminute owner, Henry B. Anthony — afterwards to become governor of Rhode Island and a U.S. agent from the state.

Along with a sister paper, the Black Bulletin, accustomed in 1863, the Account became allotment of the Providence Account Company, accustomed by the families of Danielson and Anthony afterwards their deaths. The families retained their absorption in the aggregation until 1996, aback it was awash to Dallas-based A. H. Belo Corporation, which owns the Dallas Morning News. In 2014, Belo awash the Account Aggregation to New Media Investment Group, Inc., antecedent aggregation of GateHouse Media.

21. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette> Year founded: 1819> Abode founded: Arkansas Post, AR> Aboriginal name: The Arkansas Gazette

Arkansas Column was a trading column congenital by the French in 1686 at the assemblage of the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers — the aboriginal European adjustment in what was to become the Arkansas breadth and afresh the accompaniment of Arkansas. The column afterwards confused up and bottomward the Arkansas several times, and in 1819, a adolescent crude New Yorker alleged William E. Woodruff, who had apprenticed with book and bi-weekly publishers in his built-in state, accustomed there with a baby columnist press. He began publishing a account newspaper, the Arkansas Gazette, affective it to Little Rock aback that became the territorial basic in 1821.

Woodruff absent ascendancy of the cardboard in the 1830s, and launched a aggressive publication, the Arkansas Democrat, in 1846. He bought the Archive aback in 1850 and affiliated both newspapers as the Arkansas Accompaniment Archive and Democrat, afterwards aloof the Arkansas Accompaniment Gazette. His Democrat is not accompanying to the a paper, though.

During the aeon of Reconstruction, afterward the Civil War, two Arkansas bi-weekly editors, John P. Jones and William J. Buchanan, began publishing a Little Rock account alleged the Liberal, whose adage was “The World Is Too Abundant Governed.” An Irishman alleged Dan O’Sullivan launched the Black Star. In 1878, this in about-face was bought by a aloft Confederate Officer, Colonel J. N. Smithee, who renamed it the Arkansas Democrat.

For added than a century, the Democrat and the Archive were rivals, generally absinthian (at one point, Smithee was blood-soaked in a action with one of the Gazette’s owners), and both affidavit afflicted easily added than once. Publishing behemothic Gannett (proprietors of USA Today and added than 125 added newspapers and websites nationwide) bought the Archive in 1986, and bristles years afterwards shut it down. The Democrat anon bought the asleep paper’s assets and renamed itself the Democrat-Gazette. Today, the Democrat-Gazette is wholly endemic by the Little Rock-based WEHCO Media, Inc., whose founder, Walter E. Hussman, originally bought the cardboard in 1974.

20. The Fayetteville Observer> Year founded: 1816> Abode founded: Fayetteville, NC> Aboriginal name: Carolina Observer

In 1816, one Francis W. Waldo — possibly a aloft anchorman from Massachusetts — founded a four-page account alleged the Carolina Observer in Fayetteville, south of Raleigh, Arctic Carolina.

Eight years later, a bi-weekly adept alleged Edward Jones Hale bought it, publishing his aboriginal affair in 1825 and actual the paper’s buyer and editor for the aing 40 years, alteration its name to the Fayetteville Observer in 1833.

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Hale’s sons, Peter Mallett, Edward Joseph, and Edward Jones, Jr., aing the cardboard in 1850. The Observer was adamantly pro-Confederate during the Civil War, and in 1865, General Sherman ordered his troops to bake the paper’s offices and presses. Hale and his sons confused to New York City, breadth they started a book publishing business. In 1883, Edward Jones, Jr. alternate to Fayetteville and relaunched the Observer, and it backward in the Hale ancestors until 1919.

In 1923, afterwards several abrupt buying changes, it was bought by a New York Burghal announcer alleged William James McMurray, who gave it over the afterward year to his brother-in-law, Charles Wilson. Wilson’s son-in-law, Richard Lilly, became publisher, and was succeeded in about-face by his own son-in-law, Ramon Yarborough.

Yarborough launched a new bounded paper, the Fayetteville Times, while continuing to run the Observer, and the two publications alloyed in 1990. In 1999, the Times reclaimed its acclaimed name, acceptable the Fayetteville Observer already more. Yarborough retired in 2000, and his abode was taken by Charles W. Broadwell, a great-grandson of Charles Wilson. The GateHouse alternation bought the Observer in 2016.

19. Alabama Press-Register > Year founded: 1813> Abode founded: Mobile, AL> Aboriginal name: The Mobile Gazette

James Lyon, the beforehand son of an Irish immigrant who became a printer-publisher in Vermont and afterwards a U.S. congressman, founded newspapers in Vermont, Virginia, Georgia, Louisiana, and Washington, D.C. afore catastrophe up in Mobile, Alabama, breadth he created the Mobile Archive in 1813.

In 1821, a Boston-born Savannah merchant, Jonathan Battelle, aing armament with an Alabama newspaperman, John W. Townsend, to begin a battling publication, the Mobile Commercial Register. Afterwards publishing the Archive for several years, Lyon confused on to South Carolina, breadth he founded yet accession paper, and the Register captivated the Gazette.

There were common buying changes over the aing century, and the Register afflicted names several times, forth the way subsuming four added bounded papers. In 1929, Ralph B. Chandler, a aloft announcement administrator of the Cincinnati Post, began advertisement of the Mobile Press. He was acknowledged abundant to be able to buy the Register three years later, befitting the two abstracted during the ceremony — the Register in the morning, the Columnist in the black — with a accumulated Sunday copy alleged the Press-Register.

S.I. Newhouse’s Advance Publications, Inc. bought the affidavit in 1966, folding the afternoon Columnist in 1997 and accumulation the Press-Register with its two added Alabama papers, the Birmingham Account and the Huntsville Times, beneath the Alabama Media Accumulation awning in 2012. What is now the Alabama Press-Register has an online attendance through and publishes a book copy on Wednesdays, Fridays, and Saturdays.

18. The Press-Republican> Year founded: 1811> Abode founded: Plattsburgh, NY> Aboriginal name: The Republican

In 1809, a man alleged Samuel Lowell launched a bi-weekly alleged the American Monitor, acknowledging the Republican — afresh the Democratic-Republican — Party, in the northeastern New York accompaniment boondocks of Plattsburgh. Aback Lowell got affiliated in 1811, however, he adapted to the battling Federalist Affair angle of his wife’s ancestors and began advancing the Democratic-Republican president, James Madison, in print. The affair was affronted and met to adapt the advertisement of a cardboard that would accept their cause.

The secretary and editor of the new action — a account alleged artlessly the Republican — was Colonel Melancton Smith, a able anti-Federalist. Two years later, Azariah Cutting Flagg, a alleged aitionist Democrat-Republican who had helped book the aboriginal publication, took over the editorship, and the cardboard became the Plattsburgh Republican.

A battling paper, the Plattsburgh Circadian Press, appeared in 1895, publishing six canicule a week. The Republican remained account until 1916, aback it, too, began publishing six issues weekly, renaming itself the Plattsburgh Circadian Republican. (Amusingly, admitting its name, it styled itself “The official Democratic bi-weekly of Clinton Canton and the burghal of Plattsburgh.”) In 1942, the affidavit merged, acceptable the Plattsburgh Press-Republican. Today, it belongs to CNHI LLC, an Alabama-based aggregation that operates added than a hundred association newspapers in 22 states.

17. The Leaf-Chronicle > Year founded: 1808(?)> Abode founded: Clarksville, TN> Aboriginal name: Clarksville Chronicle

It’s sometimes claimed that the Clarksville Chronicle was aboriginal published, in this Tennessee burghal on the Kentucky border, northwest of Nashville, in 1808. However, the ancient actual copies of the cardboard date from 1818, and the aggregate numbers advance a barrage date of 1815 — and a adventure from 1993 in its offspring, the Leaf-Chronicle, admits that “Little is accepted apropos the operation of the cardboard in its ancient years.”

The abstruseness continues: Founding of the Chronicle is usually accustomed to George Crutcher, who was apparently the son of a ancient Clarksville burghal clerk, forth with an associate, William Kendall. It’s additionally possible, though, that it was started by Francis Richardson, possibly the administrator of accession bounded paper, the Rising Sun. Ewing P. McGinty, who afterwards edited the Nashville True Whig, oversaw the Chronicle from 1836 until 1849, aback the column was taken over by Robert Warner Thomas, who became acclaimed throughout the accompaniment for his political articles, which were generally reprinted by added publications.

The Chronicle — which went through several name changes in the 1850s and ’60s — abeyant advertisement during the Civil War, starting up afresh in 1865. In 1869, a new publication, the Tobacco Leaf, appeared in Clarksville. Launched by M. V. Ingram, who had started accession cardboard in adjacent Springfield, it was committed to acknowledging the bounded tobacco industry. The two affidavit were on altered abandon politically, and for years were arduous competitors. In 1878, however, a huge blaze destroyed about a third of Clarksville, including the Tobacco Leaf offices, and the owners of the Chronicle offered their battling use of their facilities.

Ingram awash the Tobacco Leaf in 1881, while the Chronicle underwent several changes of administration over the years. In 1890, the new owners of the Tobacco Leaf purchased the Chronicle and began publishing the Clarksville Tobacco Leaf Chronicle. “Tobacco” was alone from the name, and in the backward 1970s, absorption the paper’s broader reach, so was “Clarksville.”

Multimedia, Inc., a South Carolina-based media company, bought the cardboard in 1974. USA Today parent, Gannett Co., in about-face bought Multimedia in 1995 and now owns the Leaf-Chronicle.

16. Vincennes Sun-Commercial > Year founded: 1804> Abode founded: Vincennes, IN> Aboriginal name: Indiana Gazette

In 1804, the governor of the Indiana Breadth — William Henry Harrison, who would afterwards become the ninth admiral of the Affiliated States (and die of pneumonia afterwards alone a ages in office) — offered a bacon of $500 a year to any printer who would set up boutique in Vincennes, the territorial capital, to advertisement laws and acknowledged advertisements. A adolescent artisan printer from New Jersey, Elihu Stout, got the job, and arise the aboriginal affair of what he dubbed the Indiana Archive on the Fourth of July, 1804.

The Archive offices were destroyed by blaze in 1806, and Stout was out of business for a year, but he alternate with a new paper, the Western Sun. Stout connected to run the publication, alteration its name to the Western Sun and General Advertiser in 1817. According to bounded legend, a 21-year-old Abraham Lincoln chock-full by the appointment on his way from Indiana to his new home in Illinois and helped book the copy of March 6, 1830.

Stout awash the Sun to John R. Jones, aloft administrator of the People’s Acquaintance in Covington, Kentucky, in 1845. He afflicted the name several times afore affairs it in turn, in 1856, to George E. Green, who adequate its aloft name. Several added owners took it over, one of whom, R. E. Purcell, started a additional cardboard alleged the Vincennes Sun.

Another bounded publication, the Vincennes Commercial, appeared in 1877. The cardboard admiring absorption in the 1920s for its attack adjoin the Ku Klux Klan, which had become important politically in Indiana. In 1930, bi-weekly administrator Eugene C. Pulliam, architect of Central Newspapers, Inc., bought the papers, amalgamation them in 1931. Gannett, owners of USA Today and abounding added media properties, bought Central — and the Sun-Commercial — in 2000.

15. The Column and Courier> Year founded: 1803> Abode founded: Charleston, SC> Aboriginal name: The Courier

A adolescent Massachusetts printer alleged Aaron Smith Willington confused to Charleston in 1802 to advice Loring Andrews, who had become a arresting printer in Albany, New York, barrage a bi-weekly in the South Carolina city. The aboriginal affair of the paper, alleged the Courier, agitated the acclaim “By A. S. Willington for Loring Andrews.” Andrews larboard to acknowledgment arctic in 1805, and the afterward year, Willington became an buyer of the publication, renamed the Charleston Circadian Courier in 1852. Willington remained with it, acceptable chief editor and sole proprietor, until his afterlife in 1862.

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In the years arch up to the Civil War, the Courier against alienation at first, and afterwards advocated it but counseled moderation. Nonetheless, it was bedeviled by the Union army arise the end of the war and briefly arise as a “loyal Union newspaper” by two Union war correspondents. In backward 1865, ascendancy of the Courier was accustomed to aback to the Willington company, with a aloft Confederate officer, Thomas Y. Simons, put in charge.

Also in 1865, a new bounded paper, the Charleston Circadian News, was launched by two South Carolinians and a New Yorker. Two years later, they awash it to accession partnership, which bought the Courier in 1873 and renamed their advertisement the Account and Courier.

Still accession Charleston newspaper, the Black Post, was founded in 1894 by Hartwell M. Ayer. Affluent rice agriculturalist Arthur Manigault affected ascendancy in 1896, and in 1926, two years afterwards his death, his ancestors bought the Account and Courier. The Manigaults connected to advertisement both papers, the Account and Courier in the morning and the Black Column in the afternoon. The staffs of the two were accumulated in the 1980s, and they formally alloyed in 1991 as the (morning) Column and Courier. Black Column Enterprises, still beneath the administration of the Manigault family, owns the cardboard as able-bodied as abundant added publications, TV stations, a forestry operation, and bloom affliction facilities.

14. New York Post> Year founded: 1801> Abode founded: New York, NY> Aboriginal name: The New York Black Post

New York’s admired abridged newspaper, acclaimed for such sensationalist account as “Khadafy Killed by Yankee Fan,” “My Doctor Has Ea,” and the abiding “Headless Body in Topless Bar” and its communicative Page Six section, was created by Founding Antecedent and ancient Secretary of the Treasury (and latter-day Broadway agreeable star) Alexander Hamilton.

Hamilton anticipation there should be a advertisement that consort his Federalist views. William Coleman, an apostle from Greenfield, Massachusetts, who had beforehand financed that town’s aboriginal newspaper, the Impartial Intelligencer (an antecedent of the Recorder; see No. 10), knew Hamilton. Having bi-weekly experience, he offered to advice him and his colleagues authorize a new publication. A affair was held, apparently at the home of a affluent merchant alleged Archibald Gracie (the house, now alleged Gracie Mansion, has become the official abode of the ambassador of New York City). The aboriginal affair of what they alleged the Black Post, which appeared in November of 1801, was accounting by Coleman, apparently with Hamilton’s help.

Coleman — who, coincidentally, had already briefly been a law accomplice of Aaron Burr, afterwards to annihilate Hamilton in a acclaimed bound — remained editor of the cardboard until his afterlife in 1829. He was succeeded by Massachusetts artist William Cullen Bryant, who captivated the column for 50 years. The aing illustrious amount to authority the column was journalist-turned-railroad-tycoon Henry Villard, who bought the Column in 1881.

The paper, which became accepted artlessly as the New York Post, had several owners amid 1917 and 1939, aback it became the acreage of a wealthy, socially arresting New Yorker, Dorothy Schiff. A acquaintance of Franklin Roosevelt, Nelson Rockefeller, and John F. Kennedy, amid abounding others, Schiff struggled to accumulate the Column animate and thriving, sometimes successfully. By the mid-1970s, however, the cardboard was accident money, and in 1976, Schiff awash it to arguable Australian-born media mogul Rupert Murdoch, whose aggregation still owns it.

13. The Keene Sentinel > Year founded: 1799> Abode founded: Keene, NH> Aboriginal name: The New Hampshire Sentinel

There had already been four account newspapers arise in Keene, in southwestern New Hampshire, aback a printer from Massachusetts, John Prentiss, set blazon for the aboriginal affair of his aboriginal newspaper, which he alleged the New Hampshire Sentinel. Prentiss’s brother and son both formed for him, and aback the chief Prentiss retired in 1847, his son took on a partner, Albert Godfrey.

Several buying changes took abode over the afterward three decades — at one point, the acclaimed columnist and drillmaster George Ticknor was an buyer — and in 1880, architect John Prentiss’s grandson, William H. Prentiss, became allotment buyer and burghal editor. He and afresh his birth endemic the cardboard until 1954, aback it was awash to James D. Ewing, ancient freeholder of the Bangor Black Commercial in Maine, and Baltimore Sun beat biographer Walter Paine.

In 1957, the cardboard alloyed with the afternoon cardboard the Prentisses had launched in 1930, the Keene Black Sentinel, and the Keene Sentinel was born. A aberration amid American newspapers today, the Sentinel charcoal in bounded hands: James Ewing’s nephew Thomas, whose ancestors runs newspapers in upstate New York, bought it in 1993 and is still the buyer and publisher.

12. The Rutland Herald> Year founded: 1794> Abode founded: Rutland, VT> Aboriginal name: The Rutland Herald

The Rutland Herald was founded by two men with the aforementioned name: the Abbey Samuel Williams and his acquaintance and abroad cousin, apostle and adjudicator Samuel Williams. The Abbey accelerating from Harvard University and became a assistant there, but in 1788 was accused of misusing university funds and fled to Vermont. (Vermont declared itself an absolute republic in 1771 — 20 years afore it was to become a accompaniment — and would not abandon fugitives.)

The added Williams was afterwards alleged Vermont’s official accompaniment printer for the breadth west of Green Mountains, and in 1794 he collaborated with the abbey in ablution the Herald. The affiliation attenuated in 1797, aback the adjudicator retired to run for Congress, and a Massachusetts printer, William Fay, became the reverend’s new partner. Williams larboard the cardboard in 1805, but Fay remained, with assorted partners, until 1840, bushing the Herald’s pages with biblical parables and homilies.

The cardboard became the Rutland Circadian Herald in 1861, and it had assorted owners throughout the blow of the 19th aeon and the aboriginal years of the 20th. In 1927, it was taken over by Rutland built-in William H. Field, who had beforehand founded the cardboard which became the New York Circadian News. In 1947, it was awash to a acclaimed Vermont reporter, Robert W. Mitchell. Mitchell’s son connected to advertisement the Herald until 2016, aback it was bought by Maine media mogul Reade Brower and New Hampshire agent Charles “Chip” Harris. Beforehand this year, it was awash yet again, to Sample Account Group, which owns 75 publications in six states.

Frequent buying changes notwithstanding, The Rutland Herald charcoal the oldest continuously arise bounded bi-weekly in the Affiliated States beneath the aforementioned name in the aforementioned city.

11. LNP> Year founded: 1794> Abode founded: Lancaster, PA> Aboriginal name: The Lancaster Journal

A Philadelphia printer alleged William Hamilton, in affiliation with Henry Willcocks, a announcer from adjacent York, Pennsylvania, launched the Lancaster Account in 1794 with the adage “Not too RASH — yet not FEARFUL — Open to all PARTIES but not afflicted by ANY.” Willcocks larboard afterwards a brace of years, but Hamilton, who afterwards served as a accompaniment agent and arise the aboriginal German-English concordance in America, edited the cardboard until 1820.

A competitor, the Lancaster Intelligencer & Account Advertiser, had been founded in 1799, and it alloyed with the Account in 1839, creating the Lancaster Intelligencer & Journal. In the mid-1800s, a cardinal of added newspapers were started up in Lancaster, one of which, the Account Express, was edited by J. M. W. Geist, who had amorphous his journalistic career alteration and publishing a abnegation journal. In 1877, he and an apostle and baby-kisser alleged John B. Warfel accustomed the Lancaster New Era.

The buyer of the Intelligencer bought the Lancaster Account in 1839. In 1865, aback the cardboard encountered banking difficulties, Andrew Jackson Steinman, whose antecedent endemic the city’s arch accouterments store, became an investor, demography it over absolutely a year afterwards with a partner.

This was the alpha of a connected Steinman ancestors accord with the publication. In 1909, they relaunched the Account as a morning paper, with the Intelligencer actualization in the afternoons. In 1928, the Steinmans bought the New Era, authoritative that their afternoon flagship and accumulation the Account and the Intelligencer afresh as a morning paper. In 2009, the New Era was bankrupt in to actualize the Intelligencer Journal/Lancaster New Era.

Steinman Communications’ LNP Media Accumulation Inc., which owns added Pennsylvania media backdrop and added businesses, renamed the cardboard LNP (presumably continuing for Lancaster Account Cardboard — the aggregation doesn’t specify) in 2014.

10. The Recorder> Year founded: 1792> Abode founded: Greenfield, MA> Aboriginal name: The Impartial Intelligencer

William Coleman, the aboriginal apostle in this boondocks in Hampshire County, in northwestern Massachusetts (and the man who was afterwards to co-found the New York Column with Alexander Hamilton; see No. 14), basic to advertisement a almanac of accepted contest in the area. In 1792, he brought a artisan printer, Thomas Dickman, from Worcester to adapt his journal, which was dubbed the Impartial Intelligencer.

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New owners in 1811, afterwards Hampshire Canton had been disconnected and Franklin Canton created, renamed it the Franklin Herald. Afterwards name changes included the Advertiser, the Franklin Freeman, and the Greenfield Archive & Courier. An editor at the Archive & Courier, Herbert Collins Parsons, who had been a accompaniment agent and congressman, founded a battling paper, the Greenfield Recorder, in 1900. In 1932, it alloyed with the Archive and Courier as the Greenfield Recorder-Gazette.

The cardboard was bought in 1955 by Henry J. Conland and William Dwight Sr., and the Dwight ancestors still owns it as allotment of their Newspapers of New England group, which additionally owns several added dailies, weeklies, and associated backdrop in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. In 1964, the chat “Gazette” was removed from the Greenfield paper’s name, and in 1985, the publishers took “Greenfield” out, too, to reflect its advantage of an breadth aloft aloof that city.

9. The Circadian Mail > Year founded: 1792> Abode founded: Catskill, NY> Aboriginal name: The Catskill Packet

The Circadian Mail’s ancient absolute antecedent is the Catskill Packet, which aboriginal appeared in 1792, beneath the administration of brothers Thomas and Mackay Croswell (Mackay had beforehand apprenticed at the Connecticut Courant; see No. 1). It afterwards became the Catskill Packet, & Western Mail, afresh the Catskill Packet again, afore suspending advertisement briefly in 1797 and folding in 1799.

Another Croswell brother, Harry, aing Mackay to adapt a assiduity of the Packet alleged the Catskill Western Constellation from 1800 to 1801. This acquired into the Catskill Recorder in 1804, which went on to blot several added bounded newspapers — the Greene Canton Republican, the Catskill Democrat, and the American Eagle. By 1871, it had become artlessly the Recorder.

A aloft postmaster, John D. Smith, founded the Catskill Morning Mail, afterwards the Circadian Mail, in 1879. The Recorder, meanwhile, alloyed with the 1830-vintage Catskill Examiner in 1938, acceptable the Examiner-Recorder. This became the Greene Canton Account in 1962, and this in about-face was taken over by the Circadian Mail in 2003. Today, it belongs to the Hudson, New York-based Columbia Greene Media Corp., an announcement bureau and agenda and book administrator with several added backdrop in the Catskills area.

8. The Bulletin > Year founded: 1791 (?)> Abode founded: Norwich, CT> Aboriginal name: The Account Register (?)

In backward 1791, Ebenezer Bushnell — a built-in of Lebanon, Connecticut, declared in a 1903 aggregate alleged “Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College” as “a man of automated genius, quick wit, and assorted information” — founded The Account Register in Norwich, in Connecticut’s New London County. About six months later, Bushnell’s brother-in-law, Thomas Hubbard, aing him in “a affiliation in the Columnist and Stocking-weaving business” (according to “American Biography” by Charles Evans, arise in 1914). The afterward year, Bushnell larboard the paper, and Hubbard connected publishing it until 1796, aback he confused to the Chelsea Landing breadth of Norwich and adapted the Register to the Chelsea Courier.

The Courier continued, beneath assorted names and ownerships, until 1860. Two years earlier, the aggregation that afresh endemic the Courier, which appeared in the afternoon, absitively that a morning cardboard would be added acknowledged and launched the Norwich Morning Bulletin. In 1863, a accumulation of bounded businessmen, apparently led by broker Lorenzo Blackstone and affection architect John F. Slater, formed a banal aggregation to booty over the publication. In 1895, the owners renamed it artlessly the Norwich Bulletin.

The cardboard appeared beneath that name until 2011 beneath assorted owners — including Gannett Co., which bought it in 1981 and GateHouse Media (its accepted owners), which purchased it from Gannett in 2007. In 2011, GateHouse renamed it the Bulletin.

7. The Berkshire Eagle> Year founded: 1789> Abode founded: Stockbridge, MA> Aboriginal name: The Stockbridge Star

Printer Loring Andrews began publishing the Western Brilliant (not the Stockbridge Star, as some sources report) in the boondocks of Stockbridge, in the Berkshires of Massachusetts, in 1789. This became Andrews’s Western Star, and afresh the Berkshire Star. In 1828, the owners of the cardboard confused it to adjacent Lenox and renamed it the Brilliant and Canton Republican. The afterward year, a new buyer renamed it the Berkshire Journal, and two years afterwards that circumscribed it with the Argus, arise in accession Berkshire town, Pittsfield.

The cardboard appeared as the Account and Argus until 1834, aback it was renamed the Massachusetts Eagle. This became the Berkshire Canton Eagle and then, in 1892, afterwards Kelton B. Miller — afterwards to become the ambassador of Pittsfield — bought it, artlessly the Eagle. Miller’s descendents connected to run the Eagle until 1995, aback the ancestors awash it, forth with several affidavit they endemic in Vermont, to Denver-based MediaNews Group, Inc., now Agenda Aboriginal Media, which retains proprietorship.

6. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette> Year founded: 1786> Abode founded: Pittsburgh, PA> Aboriginal name: The Pittsburgh Gazette

In 1786, a Pennsylvania accompaniment assemblyman, writer, and apostle alleged Hugh Henry Brackenridge brought two 21-year-old Philadelphia printers, John Scull and Joseph Hall, and a board columnist columnist to Pittsburgh to alpha the Pittsburgh Gazette, a account that was the aboriginal bi-weekly arise west of the Alleghenies.

Hall died a few months afterwards the aboriginal affair of the Archive appeared, but Scull connected to advertisement it, at aboriginal beneath the aing administration of Brackenridge and afresh in political action to him, until 1816. Several added owners took it over in succession, and in 1820 it was renamed Pittsburgh Gazette, and Accomplishment and Mercantile Advertiser. In 1833, afresh beneath the name Pittsburgh Gazette, it was taken over by author, editor, and composter Neville B. Craig, who ran it until 1841, transforming it forth the way into Pittsburgh’s aboriginal daily.

Craig’s successor, David N. White, was a arch aitionist, who angry the Archive into an important anti- publication. A consecutive owner, Nelson P. Reed, who took it over in 1866, accumulated it with accession paper, the Pittsburgh Circadian Commercial, which had been founded in 1863, to anatomy the Commercial Gazette.

The cardboard became aloof the Archive afresh in 1900, afterwards amalgamation with the Pittsburgh Times, to become the Gazette-Times. It anesthetized into the easily of the allegorical William Randolph Hearst in 1927. The aforementioned year, a German immigrant and accomplished announcer alleged Paul Block, Sr., who endemic two added bounded papers, the Column and the Sun, abiding to bandy the Sun for Hearst’s Gazette-Times, and Block created the Post-Gazette.

The Block ancestors has endemic the Post-Gazette anytime since, now through the Toledo, Ohio-based Block Communications, Inc., which additionally owns the Toledo Blade and added newspapers and advertisement properties. As of beforehand this year, the Post-Gazette cut its publishing agenda to bristles canicule a week, giving Pittsburgh the arguable account of actuality the better American burghal afterwards a circadian printed paper.

5. Circadian Hampshire Gazette> Year founded: 1786> Abode founded: Northampton, MA> Aboriginal name: The Hampshire Gazette

Founded in Northampton, arctic of Springfield, in 1786 by 22-year-old William Butler, who had been a printer’s amateur in Hartford, Connecticut, the Hampshire Archive may accept arise into actuality as a aftereffect of Shays’ Rebellion — a battle amid accompaniment government admiral and a ample accumulation of farmers adverse foreclosure for behind taxes and non-payment of added debts. Historians accept that Butler was encouraged to alpha his cardboard as an agency of government efforts to annihilate the uprising, and a ceremony afterwards the Gazette’s aboriginal issue, it arise a announcement by Massachusetts Gov. James Bowdoin calling for accompaniment admiral to aish “all such alienated proceedings.”

Butler arise the Archive until 1815. For the aing century, the cardboard operated beneath abundant owners and partnerships. It became the Hampshire Archive and Northampton Courier in 1858 and connected as a account beneath that name until 1917. Meanwhile, an offshoot, the Circadian Hampshire Gazette, appeared in 1890. In 1917, the circadian and account editions merged.

The paper’s business manager, Harriet Williams DeRose, bought it in 1929, acceptable one of the nation’s aboriginal changeable bi-weekly publishers. Her son and afresh her grandsons connected to run the cardboard until 2005, until it was bought by Newspapers of New England, which additionally owns two added Massachusetts publications, including the Recorder in Greenville (see No. 10).

4. The Augusta Chronicle> Year founded: 1785> Abode founded: Augusta, GA> Aboriginal name: The Augusta Gazette

Printer Greenberg Hughes founded the Augusta Archive in the Georgia boondocks of Augusta, southeast of Atlanta, in 1785. He decamped the afterward year, and the cardboard was taken over by a German immigrant alleged John Erdman Smith, who renamed it the Augusta Chronicle and Archive of the State. He remained in allegation until 1803, and several added owners and editors took over afore 1825, aback it came into the easily of A.H. Pemberton, who beneath its name to Augusta Chronicle, and acclimated his editorship to apostle alienation and argue the aishment of .

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Pemberton awash the cardboard in 1835, and the aing year it alloyed with a competitor, the States Rights Sentinel, which had been started by arresting Augusta lawyer, politician, and minister, Augustus Baldwin Longstreet. The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel, which aboriginal appeared in January of 1837, was the city’s aboriginal daily.

Under brothers William S. and James W. Jones, who bought the cardboard in 1840, it remained an apostle of , but a afterwards editor, Nathan Morse of Connecticut, installed afterwards the alpha of the Civil War, became a analyzer of Confederate Admiral Jefferson Davis. Afterwards the war, Morse awash the paper, and it had a cardinal of editors and publishers through 1929, aback it was awash to the International Cardboard and Ability Company. The cardboard company’s president, William S. Morris, Jr., bought the Chronicle from International Cardboard in 1945. He afterwards bought accession bounded paper, the battling Augusta Herald, as able-bodied as the bounded radio and TV stations.

Morris’s son, Billy Morris, accustomed Morris Communications Corporation, which acquired added media properties. The aggregation awash the Chronicle to GateHouse Media in 2017 and today the aggregation specializes in burghal magazines and the “Where” biking guides, amid added businesses.

3. The Account Account > Year founded: 1785> Abode founded: Wilmington, DE> Aboriginal name: The Delaware Gazette

Despite rumors of an earlier, abrupt Delaware newspaper, the state’s aboriginal accurate cardboard was the Delaware Gazette, started in Wilmington in 1785 by one Jacob Killen. Killen awash it two years later, and it went through a cardinal of owners in the afterwards decades. In 1828, it took over two added Delaware papers, the Patriot and the American Watchman, and became the Delaware Archive and American Watchman.

In 1858, Caleb P. Johnson, who had formed as a printer in Philadelphia, New York, and Washington, D.C., became editor and administrator of the paper, by afresh aloof the Delaware Gazette, captivation the position for about 30 years. In accession to the Gazette, a weekly, Johnson began publishing the Wilmington Circadian Gazette, which in 1878 alloyed with a cardboard alleged Every Black and Commercial (itself formed from two added publications), to become Every Evening, Wilmington Circadian Commercial. The account Gazette, meanwhile, alloyed with Every Evening’s account adaptation to become the Delaware Archive and Accompaniment Journal.

A new daily, the Morning Herald, was founded in 1876 by Philadelphia apostle John O’Byrne. This afterwards became the Circadian Morning News. A new afternoon paper, the Black Journal, appeared in 1888, amalgamation with the circadian Every Black in 1933. Alfred I. du Pont, the acclaimed Delaware baron and businessman, endemic the Morning Account amid 1911 and 1920, which he alloyed it with the Black Account to anatomy the News-Journal. The News-Journal Co., beneath the awning of a du Pont captivation company, retained buying until 1978, aback it was awash to Gannett Co., its accepted proprietors.

2. Poughkeepsie Journal> Year founded: 1785> Abode founded: Poughkeepsie, NY> Aboriginal name: The Country Journal, and the Poughkeepsie Advertiser

In the summer of 1785, Nicholas Power, a dry appurtenances merchant in the Hudson River Valley boondocks of Poughkeepsie, started a account bi-weekly alleged the Country Account and Poughkeepsie Advertiser. Forth with publishing acknowledged notices and accounts of bounded goings-on, he covered the 1788 New York assemblage — in Poughkeepsie, afresh the accompaniment basic — at which the accompaniment ratified the new U.S. Constitution, and printed a letter to the editor by none added than George Washington.

The cardboard briefly became The Country Journal, and Dutchess and Ulster Canton Farmer’s Register, but in 1789, the year Washington became president, Ability afflicted its name to the Poughkeepsie Journal. New names kept advancing — the Poughkeepsie Account and Constitutional Republican, the Poughkeepsie Circadian Eagle, the Poughkeepsie New Yorker, and others. In all, aback Power’s day, the cardboard has accepted 13 name changes and accumulated with 10 altered newspapers. In 1960, though, in account of its 175th anniversary, it became already afresh the Poughkeepsie Journal, actual so except for a acting name change to Poughkeepsie Account A.M. Copy amid 1980 and 1982. Aback 1977, the Account has been endemic by Gannett Co.

1. Hartford Courant> Year founded: 1764> Abode founded: Hartford, CT> Aboriginal name: The Connecticut Courant

The oldest bi-weekly in America got its alpha because fourth-generation printer Thomas Green got accursed by Benjamin Franklin. He had been publishing Connecticut’s aboriginal newspaper, the Connecticut Gazette, at a New Haven book boutique set up by Franklin. But Franklin basic to accord the action over to his nephew, so he let go of Green and his apprentice, Ebenezer Watson.

Green and Wilson confused to Hartford and busy a amplitude aloft Mookler’s barbershop. Some sources say that he began columnist the cardboard he dubbed the Connecticut Courant out of a alehouse alleged the Heart and Crown. In fact, that was the name of his book shop, and he ancient a tavern-style assurance to acquaint it.

In 1765, Green and Watson assassin a adolescent adjacency boy, George Goodwin, as a “printer’s devil” (apprentice). In 1768, Green confused aback to New Haven, breadth he started a cardboard of his own, giving the Courant over to Watson. The account Courant became a arch backer of ability from British rule, criticizing the Stamp Act (which imposed taxes on newspapers and official documents), advertisement on the Boston Tea Party, and, on July 15, 1776, publishing the Declaration of Ability as breaking news.

Watson died of smallpox in 1777, abrogation the cardboard to his widow, Hannah, a beat American changeable bi-weekly publisher. She brought in George Goodwin, a ceremony afore his 21st birthday, as her partner, and the two ran the cardboard for the aing 36 years. The cardboard became a circadian and was renamed the Hartford Courant in 1837, the year it was awash to a aloft amateur at the Courant, John Boswell.

The advertisement remained beneath bounded ownership, admitting the particulars varied, until 1979, aback the Los Angeles-based Times-Mirror Co. bought it. In 2000, the Chicago-based Tribune Co. bought Times-Mirror, including the Courant. The cardboard is now endemic by Tronc, as the Tribune Co. was rechristened in 2016. (The abundant ridiculed name will anon be afflicted aback to Tribune Publishing.)

Detailed Findings

The oldest English-language bi-weekly in actuality is the Account Letter, out of Belfast, Northern Ireland, accustomed as the Belfast Account Letter and General Advertiser in 1737. The oldest American cardboard still arise today — the Hartford (Connecticut) Courant — came forth in 1764. Until beforehand this year, that account would accept been captivated by the Newport Mercury, accustomed in 1758 by James Franklin, with the advice of his acclaimed uncle, Benjamin. Beforehand this year, however, the Mercury — which had become a chargeless account abridged — accomplished publication, and now exists alone as a website and a account supplement to the Newport Circadian News.

The bi-weekly publishing business in America has been active and awful aggressive from the start. The history of every one of these publications is abounding of rivalries, mergers, and common changes of ownership. It’s additionally account acquainted that abounding newspapers were founded by adolescent men who were printers by trade, and that rather than breaking news, which would accept been abundantly absurd in an era afore accelerated accumulation communications, they primarily arise acknowledged notices, political opinion, and alike poetry.

One of the best accepted names for aboriginal newspapers (which survives in some publications today) was “Gazette” — a chat adopted from French, which ability in about-face arise from “gazet,” an old Venetian bread that ability accept been the amount of an aboriginal paper, or from “gazza,” Italian for babbler (in the emblematic faculty of addition who collects little things). “Intelligencer” and “Courier” were additionally accepted names, as were “Democrat” and “Republican,” the closing of which sometimes, counterintuitively, didn’t accredit to the Republican Party.

Whatever their history and their name, all these admirable newspapers accept absorbing stories.


To actuate which of the nation’s currently actual 8,500 or so circadian and non-daily newspapers are the oldest, 24/7 Wall St consulted the Library of Congress U.S. Bi-weekly Directory; the websites of New York Accompaniment Acclaimed Newspapers, Timothy Hughes Rare & Aboriginal Newspapers, and Bi-weekly Archives; abundant accompaniment and bounded actual sites; and Rowell’s American Bi-weekly Directory (covering the years 1869–1909) and N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Bi-weekly Annual (1880–1920).

Though some newspapers on this account accomplished advertisement for abrupt periods, all can trace their birth anon aback to their accustomed founding date. Two newspapers that generally arise on “oldest” lists aren’t actuality because of connected gaps in continuity: The Register-Star, arise out of Hudson, New York, which descends from the 1785-vintage Hudson Gazette, accomplished advertisement for added than two decades in the aboriginal 19th century; and the Cherokee Phoenix, the aboriginal American Indian Newspaper, which was aboriginal printed in 1828 but was out of business from 1906 to 1975.

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